The U.S. Government, Not Pfizer or Moderna, First Envisioned mRNA Technology

Back in 2012, DARPA began investing in gene-encoded vaccines. So, “The military came up with the idea of messenger RNA vaccines, not Pfizer or Moderna — not operation warp speed,” explained Dr. McCullough ( “This is a military program.”

Dr. Peter McCullough ( is a revered MD and one of the most prominent critics of the Covid-19 response. He is also the Chief Scientific Officer for The Wellness Company ( @VigilantFox 🦊

(While I agree that this is a military operation, I think that decisions came from a higher level and I don’t think it was the executive branch of the government.)

Published by markskidmore

Mark Skidmore is Professor of Economics at Michigan State University where he holds the Morris Chair in State and Local Government Finance and Policy. His research focuses on topics in public finance, regional economics, and the economics of natural disasters. Mark created the Lighthouse Economics website and blog to share economic research and information relevant for navigating tumultuous times.

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