mRNA Madness: FDA Authorizes Both 4th and 5th COVID Shots

“The FDA has decided to authorize both a fourth and fifth COVID injection of the same mRNA formula. The fourth dose is now sanctioned for the broader U.S. population. Additionally, the FDA has clandestinely authorized a FIFTH dose for “immunocompromised” individuals.”

mRNA madness: FDA authorizes both 4th and 5th COVID shots (

Published by markskidmore

Mark Skidmore is Professor of Economics at Michigan State University where he holds the Morris Chair in State and Local Government Finance and Policy. His research focuses on topics in public finance, regional economics, and the economics of natural disasters. Mark created the Lighthouse Economics website and blog to share economic research and information relevant for navigating tumultuous times.

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